Showing Andrew Shawbers posts


What Is Shadow Preferred Stock?

“Shadow preferred stock” refers to a series of preferred stock that is created when a SAFE or convertible note converts into stock at a price per share that is less than the price per share for the stock issued in a new equity financing. Shadow preferred stock…

A Crash Course on SAFEs

Here are some important things to keep in mind if you are considering raising capital in a SAFE round. What’s the Difference Between a SAFE Financing and a “Priced Round?” When raising capital, one of the main considerations is whether to (a) use a convertible security, like…

Overseas founders and employees: What do I need to know?

Businesses face several considerations when onboarding founders or employees who reside in foreign countries. These issues also apply to U.S.-based founders and employees who move to a foreign jurisdiction and work remotely.

Post-Employment Exercise Periods for Stock Options

Holders of stock options must exercise their vested options within a certain predefined time period after they cease providing services to the company. This time period is known as the “post-termination exercise period” (PTEP). What is the standard PTEP? The standard PTEP is three months. This means…

Should We Include Transfer Restrictions in Our Bylaws?

Transfer restrictions are one of the principal tools that startups use to prevent secondary transfers of their capital stock and maintain tight control over their cap tables. The majority view in the market is that it is best to omit transfer restrictions from the bylaws because future…