Showing Stephen Ferruolos posts


What Is Shadow Preferred Stock?

“Shadow preferred stock” refers to a series of preferred stock that is created when a SAFE or convertible note converts into stock at a price per share that is less than the price per share for the stock issued in a new equity financing. Shadow preferred stock…

Should We Include Transfer Restrictions in Our Bylaws?

Transfer restrictions are one of the principal tools that startups use to prevent secondary transfers of their capital stock and maintain tight control over their cap tables. The majority view in the market is that it is best to omit transfer restrictions from the bylaws because future…