Founders Issues

Founders Equity Vesting

If there are two or more founders in a startup, an important consideration regarding the initial issuance of equity to the team is vesting of the founders’ equity.

Vesting of the equity issued to founders, usually in the form of reverse vesting, means that if a founder leaves the startup for any reason before a certain amount of time, and the remaining founder (or founders) continues to build value in the Company, the departing founder will not be entitled to the benefits that the full equity ownership of the Company that was originally issued to the founder represents.  To say it plainly, with reverse vesting, 100% of the founder’s common stock is issued to the founder at the formation of the startup, but if the founder leaves the startup, a portion of the stock issued to the founder is automatically repurchased by the company at the (presumably low) original issue price.

Reverse vesting protects founders because it attempts to address the free-rider issue—where the departing founder inequitably benefits from the efforts of the other founders—while at the same time acknowledging that a founder should be entitled to some benefit from the success of a company that the founder helped launch.

Dealing with “Dead Equity”

“Dead equity” refers to company stock owned by individuals and entities no longer contributing to the company. In general, there are two types of dead equity seen on emerging company cap tables: Departed founders/employees. A co-founder or early employee leaves a company or no longer significantly contributes […]

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When Should I Form a Legal Entity?

As startup lawyers, we often receive inquiries from passionate entrepreneurs and founders seeking guidance on when they should consider taking their side projects to the next step by forming a legal entity. Forming a company is a “crossing the Rubicon” moment for any startup. It’s an essential step […]